IT’S TAKEN A WHILE TO CRACK THIS MYSTERIOUS DRAWING, MUCH RESEARCH WAS REQUIRED TO LEARN ABOUT GALLOGLASS AND WHO WAS THE KING WHO OWNED IRELAND IN 1521?
THE SEARCH HAS BEEN SO FASCINATING AND SO DIFFICULT, IT’S TIME FOR ALL YOU SCOTS, IRISH, ENGLISH, IBERIANS, GERMANS, BASICALLY ALL OF EUROPEANS INCLUDING EASTERN EUROPEANS, AND THEIR DESCENDANTS, TO LEARN HOW IMPORTANT THIS SKETCH OF GALLOWGLASS, KERNS, AND SOLDIERS BECOMES IN REVEALING THE TRUTH OF WHO YOU ARE!
SO WE START AT THE BEGINNING, FOR THIS IS SO CONVOLUTED, YOU’LL BE LOST UNLESS WE START AT THE BEGINNING, AND IT’S SUCH FUN!
For nearly 100 years after the arrival of the Normans in 1169AD the old world of Gaelic Ireland was in retreat. The Normans brought to Ireland superior weapons, the long sword, lance, Welsh crossbows, and iron helmets, and chain mail protecting much of the body. This was in contrast to the native Irish with their axes and short swords and dressed in linen tunics. To halt the Norman onslaught the remaining independent Irish Chieftains needed a new weapon and they found it in the mercenary warriors from the Western Isles of Scotland. These Gallowglass or ‘foreign Gaels’ had served as elite warriors in the Western Isles of Scotland for over 100 years prior to their arrival in Ireland.
The first 160 Gallowglass, who appear to have been from Clan MacDoughall arrived in Ireland in 1259AD as part of Dougall MacSorley’s (King of the Hebrides) daughters dowry in her marriage to Aedh O’Connor, the then King of Connaught. The Gallowglass fought like the Normans protected in mail coats and iron helmets,
But they were notable with their characteristic two handed axes and Claymores (a large 2 handed sword). This trickle of warriors became a flood as many mercenary Gallowglass Clans either sought new lords after backing the losing side in the Scottish wars of Independence or just somewhere to ply their trade, and given the battle against the encroaching Normans or the constant inter-Clan warfare there was always a demand for the services in Ireland.
Many Clans like the McCabe’s and MacSweeney’s transplanted completely to Ireland. The MacSweeney’s vacated their homeland around Castle Swin on the Argyll peninsula in Scotland for life in the service of the O’Donnell’s in Donegal. Others remained seasonal travellers appearing in the spring and summer offering their services to the highest bidder (everybody appears to have decided that making war in autumn and winter in Ireland was a bad idea). While others like the MacDonald’s/MacDonnell’s’ and MacNeill’s established territories in County Antrim in the northeast of Ireland to complement their lands in Scotland (the MacNeill’s appear to have been the new occupants of Swin Castle vacated by the MacSweeney’s). County Antrim provided the shortest crossing point between Scotland and Ireland and the presence of Scottish Clans there may have been an attempt to monopolise this lucrative trade.
What is certain is that the tide had turned, the Norman Conquest had lost momentum, and the Irish Chiefs with the aide of their new weapon rolled back the Normans.
14th and 15th Centuries a stalemate developed, with Ireland divided into spheres of influence as reflected in the medieval ethnicity map of Ireland. There was a mini Gaelic revival and although not all the Normans adopted Gaelic ways and customs, the habit of hiring Gallowglass was adopted by all, including the English authorities who’s rule was restricted to the area known as ‘The Pale.’ Some of the Gallowglass Clans had by this time become independent establishing their own territories.
But who were these warriors who effectively changed the course of Irish history, and how can you tell if you are descended from them?
Clues as to the origins of the Gallowglass can be found in the surname of the first to arrive; the MacDoughall’s, who’s surname translates as ‘son of the dark foreigner.’ This indicates that they were descendants of Vikings (foreigners) who settled in the western highlands and Islands of Scotland, who had intermarried with the Gaels they found there and adopted their Gaelic language and customs, but had still retained the fearlessness and fighting prowess of their Viking forebears. So if you know what to look for you can reveal whether you are directly descended from these fearless Norse-Gaels. I ONLY INCLUDED THIS INFORMATION BECAUSE IT MAY STILL BE TRUE, HOWEVER EXTREMELY RECENT DNA STUDIES OF WHO EXACTLY POPULATED BRITAIN HAVE SHOW THAT THEIR IS ALMOST NO VIKING DNA INFLUENCE IN BRITAIN. Apparently the Vikings struck, and looted and moved on. We don’t know yet whether the Viking intermingling with the Galloglass clans is valid.
Firstly one can examine surnames, history records the most notable Gallowglass were from the Clans of McCabe, MacDonald/McDonnell, MacDougall/McDowell, MacRory, MacSheehy, MacSweeney, and McCoy. But this was a trade that continued for over 400 years and many Scots Clans got in on the act, so how does one identify other Clans and surnames associated with Gallowglass? Luckily these Scots-Gallowglass can be readily distinguished from the later Scottish settlers that flooded Ireland as part of the Plantation of Ulster in the 16th and 17th Century. This is simply because these later arrivals were Protestant and spoke English, in contrast to the Catholic faith and Gaelic language of the native Gaels and earlier Gallowglass. Religious and language differences meant that these two people rarely mixed which was reflected 300 years later in the 1911 census that showed that Planter surnames could readily be identified based on their 88% Protestant religious affiliation. So if you have a Scottish surname and recent Irish ancestry, and that surname demonstrated a protestant religious affiliation significantly less than 88% in 1911, then your ancestors may well have been Gallowglass.
WHAT’S IN YOUR DNA? WAIT FOR THE SHOCK!
But this surname and historical approach is flawed, leaving one with statistical probabilities. For conclusive proof one must explore commercial ancestral DNA testing. The ancestral DNA test that can establish your Gallowglass-warrior credentials is the Y-DNA37 test. This test looks at the Y chromosome which is passed from father to son through the generations. What you get with the results of that test are the names of people with whom you share a common male ancestor. Typically one will match many individuals with many different surnames, but how can one share a common ancestor with people with different surnames? The answer is quite simple; when one’s direct male ancestor first took his surname approximately 1000 years ago, his neighbours some of whom he shared ancestry with, crucially picked other surnames.
AND HERE’S SOMETHING TO BLOW YOUR MIND BEYOND BELIEF.
HERE’S WHAT HAS ALREADY BEEN ESTABLISHED AS DEFINITE JEWISH HAPLOID GROUPS, WHICH INCLUDES Y-Dna37 testing. YOU’RE ALL JEWISH IF YOU ARE GALLOGLASS and apparently from the lineage of KING DAVID OR FROM THE PRIESTLY CALSS WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN DESCENDED FROM AARON, MOSES BROTHER!
Y-DNA67 HVR2 R1b1a2 J 0(PRIESTLY CLASS ISRAEL)
Phillip W Kearse
Y-DNA37 HVR2 FF R1b1a2 J 1(PRIESTLY CLASS ISRAEL)
Y-DNA37 R1b1a2 0(LINEAGE OF KING DAVID)
Mr. Hopkins Davis Stanley
Y-DNA67 HVR1 R1b1a2a1a1b4 H 1(KINGS OF MANN AND ISLES)
James Patrick Gunn
Y-DNA37 HVR1 R1b1a2 H 1
Y-DNA37 HVR2 R1b1a2 HV 0 *************RABBI IN ISRAEL NOW)
HOW DID THAT HAPPEN?
MORE TO COME!
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